Landcare Foundation of the Philippines (LFPI)

Approach and Strategies

The seven principles of LandCare

1. A strong three-way partnership between farmers, local government units (LGUs) and technical providers, with the farmers driving the process wherever possible, is the fundamental principle of landcare.

Landcare Partnership

In this partnership, the farmers share with each other their knowledge and experience, as well as their labour and low-cost materials; the LGUs provide leadership, financial support, technical support and policy support; and the technical facilitators provide technical support and facilitate the farmer groups to plan, implement and evaluate activities.

2.Trained extension workers (we call them ‘landcare facilitators’) work with the partners to bring about greater involvement in, and ownership of, livelihood issues, particularly by the farmers.

Working at an appropriate pace, they carefully facilitate the development, consensus, ownership and implementation of relevant solutions—economic, social, environmental and political—for sustainable improvement of livelihoods.

A landcare facilitator can be employed by any of the partner organisations; for example a LGU, a government agency, a non-government organisation, a farmer organisation or a private company.

Landcare Partnership

3. An emphasis on building the capacity of farmers to innovate and change their attitudes and practices is important, rather than providing them with particular inputs, such as technologies.

However, it is recognised that new or different technologies are an important component in the process of innovation and change, so landcare facilitators do work to identify and make available to farmers a selection, or ‘basket’, of appropriate and relevant technical innovations promoted by different projects and having a strong scientific and research basis. Examples include natural vegetative strips, sloping agricultural land technology, and natural farming systems.

4. A focus on sustainably improving farmers’ livelihoods is part of the landcare approach. Although landcare began with a land management focus, primarily addressing soil erosion, it quickly evolved to encompass people’s livelihoods when farmers (and others) saw its benefits in simultaneously tackling other issues relevant to their communities. For example, using the landcare approach, lowland rice farmers in Agusan del Sur are promoting organic farming with reduced use of pesticides and increased use of natural fertilisers.

5. The establishment of farmer groups (we call them ‘landcare groups’) can encourage sharing and learning among members. Once a landcare group has ownership of the process, they are encouraged to form a landcare association (a confederation of landcare groups within a municipality or barangay) allowing them to share knowledge and resources between groups. They are also encouraged to support ‘farmer trainer groups’ where farmers pass on their knowledge, skills and experiences to other farmers. As landcare associations and farmer trainer groups become better equipped, they may form a ‘farmer research committee’ to help initiate, design and implement research programs of benefit to their members.

A landcare group meets at Claveria

A landcare group meets at Claveria

6. High levels of farmer/community participation and leadership make landcare activities more relevant and result in greater ownership of the issues and outcomes. Participation is voluntary and the process is kept relatively informal, in keeping with the way that farmers generally prefer to operate.

7. Starting off by focusing on local solutions for local problems makes it easier for farmers and support personnel to take part and interact, and allows them to gradually build their confidence and capacity before engaging in broader, more complex issues.

Our Advocacies

Landcare will continuously support local initiatives for sustainable agriculture and natural resources management in the Philippine uplands and other ecosystems through action-research and extension services mainly in partnership with local peoples’ organization, local government units and other service providers in the environment and agricultural sector.

Specifically, Landcare’s advocacies are focus on livelihood development for small farmers within the context of soil and water conservation, integrated sustainable agriculture, climate change adaptation and mitigation and natural resource management.

Contact Us

Door 2-A, CST Apartments, Apollo St., Hillside Subdivision,
Macasandig, Cagayan de Oro City
Philippines 9000
Telefax: +63 88 851 1224
Mobile: +63 917 726 5042